Astronomy information for online study; you can learn about astronomy, astrology and related subjects, self-study and e-Learning courses about astronomy.
Astronomy and Astrology
Astronomy is the study of the sun, moon, stars, planets, comets, gas, galaxies, gas, dust and other non-Earthly bodies and phenomena. It is concerned with the evolution, physics, chemistry, meteorology, and motion of celestial objects, as well as the formation and development of the universe. Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Astronomers of early civilizations performed methodical observations of the night sky, and astronomical artifacts have been found from much earlier periods.
Astrology is knowledge of the influence that distant cosmic objects, usually planets and stars, have on human lives. The place of the planets, sun, moon and stars at the time of people's birth (not their conception) is said to shape their personality, affect their romantic relationships and predict their economic fortunes, among other divinations. Devotees believe that an understanding of the influence of the planets and stars on earthly affairs allows them to both predict and affect the destinies of individuals, groups, and nations.
History of Astronomy
The earliest recorded astronomical observation is the Nebra sky disk from northern Europe dating approximately 1,600 BC (see above). This 30 cm bronze disk depicts the Sun, a lunar crescent and stars (including the Pleiades star cluster). The disk is probably a religious symbol as well as a crude astronomical instrument or calendar. In the Western hemisphere, similar understanding of basic stellar and planetary behavior was developing. For example, Native American culture around the same time was leaving rock drawings, or petroglyphs, of astronomical phenomenon. The clearest example is found below, a petroglyph which depicts the 1,006 AD supernova that resulted in the Crab Nebula. By 3,000 BCE the Egyptians had a fairly accurate calendar with the year divided into 365 days, or 12 ‘months’ of 30 days and an extra five days added on at the end of the year as feast days. Other parts of the world, too, were carefully studying the heavens and in 2137 BC the Chinese recorded the earliest known solar eclipse
History of Astrology
So in the beginning and for more than 2,000 years, astrology and astronomy were the same science. The sky is the most mysterious part of our everyday experience. Familiarity may make the amazing events going on at ground level seem almost ordinary. Plants and animals grow and die, rain falls, rivers flow. Babylonian astrology was introduced to the Greeks early in the 4th century B.C. and, through the studies of Plato, Aristotle, and others, astrology came to be highly regarded as a science. India has had its own system of astrology from perhaps as early as 1000 BC. The Babylonians are generally credited with the birth of astrology. Their astrological charts enabled them to predict the recurrence of seasons and certain celestial events. So in the beginning and for more than 2,000 years, astrology and astronomy were the same science.
Babylonian astrology was introduced to the Greeks early in the 4th century B.C. and, through the studies of Plato, Aristotle, and others, astrology came to be highly regarded as a science. It was soon embraced by the Romans (the Roman names for the zodiacal signs are still used today) and the Arabs and later spread throughout the entire world.
Observational astronomy is a branch of astronomy that works with recording data about the observable universe, in contrast with theoretical astronomy. Observational astronomers design and carry out observing programs with a telescope or spacecraft to answer a question or test the predictions of theories. Theorist work with complex computer models of a star's interior, for example, to understand the physical processes responsible for the star's appearance. It is mainly concerned with calculating the measurable implications of physical models. Observational astronomy is a branch of astronomy that focuses on studying and collecting data about celestial objects. The Astrophysics Spectator states scientists observe space by detecting electromagnetic radiation and looking at objects observable in visible light. Galileo Galilee is an example of an early observational astronomer who used a telescope and recorded his findings.
Some major tools/type is below:
- Infrared Astronomy
- Optical Astronomy
- X-Ray Astronomy
- Radio Astronomy
- Ultraviolet Astronomy
- Gamma Ray Astronomy
Infrared astronomy, knowledge of astronomical objects through observations of the infrared radiation that they emit. Various types of celestial objects including the planets of the solar system, stars, nebulae, and galaxies give off energy at wavelengths in the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum (i.e., from about one micrometer to one millimeter). The techniques of infrared astronomy enable investigators to examine many such objects that cannot otherwise be seen from the Earth because the light of optical wavelengths that they emit is blocked by intervening dust particles.
Infrared astronomy originated in the early 1800s with the work of the British astronomer Sir William Herschel, who discovered the existence of infrared radiation while studying sunlight. The first systematic infrared observations of stellar objects were made by the American astronomers W.W. Cob Lentz, Edison Pettit, and Seth B. Nicholson in the 1920s. Modern infrared techniques, such as the use of cryogenic detector systems (to eliminate obstruction by infrared radiation released by the detection equipment itself) and special interference filters for ground-based telescopes, were introduced during the early 1960s.
By the end of the decade, Gerry Neugebauer and Robert Leighton of the United States had surveyed the sky at the relatively short infrared wavelength of 2.2 micrometers and identified approximately 20,000 sources in the northern hemispheric sky alone. Since that time, balloons, rockets, and spacecraft have been employed to make observations of infrared wavelengths from 35 to 350 micrometers. Radiation at such wavelengths is absorbed by water vapor in the atmosphere, and so telescopes and spectrographs have to be carried to high altitudes above most of the absorbing molecules. Specially instrumented high-flying aircraft such as the Kuiper Airborne Observatory and the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy have been designed to facilitate infrared observations near microwave frequencies.
In January 1983 the United States, in collaboration with the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, launched the Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS), an unmanned orbiting observatory equipped with a 57-centimetre (22-inch) infrared telescope sensitive to wavelengths of 8 to 100 micrometer in the infrared spectrum. At these wavelengths, IRAS made a number of unexpected discoveries in a brief period of service that ended in November 1983. The most significant of these were clouds of solid debris around Vega, Formal haut, and several other stars, the presence of which strongly suggests the formation of planetary systems similar to that of the Sun. Other important findings included various clouds of interstellar gas and dust where new stars are being formed and an object, designated 1983TB, thought to be the parent body for the swarm of meteoroids known as Geminids.
IRAS was succeeded in 1995–98 by the European Space Agency’s Infrared Space Observatory, which had a 60-centimetre (24-inch) telescope with a camera sensitive to wavelengths in the range of 2.5–17 micrometers and a photometer and a pair of spectrometers that, between them, extended the range to 200 micrometers. It made significant observations of proto planetary disks of dust and gas around young stars, with results suggesting that individual planets can form over periods as brief as 20 million years. It determined that these disks are rich in silicates, the minerals that form the basis of many common types of rock. It also discovered a large number of brown dwarfs—objects in interstellar space that are too small to become stars but too massive to be considered planets.
The most advanced infrared space observatory is a U.S. satellite, the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is built around an all-beryllium 85-centimetre (33-inch) primary mirror that focuses infrared light on three instruments—a general-purpose infrared camera, a spectrograph sensitive to mid-infrared wavelengths, and an imaging photometer taking measurements in three far-infrared bands. Together the instruments cover a wavelength range of 3.6 to 180 micrometers. The most striking results from the Spitzer’s observations concern extra solar planets. The Spitzer has determined the temperature and the atmospheric structure, composition, and dynamics of several extra solar planets.
Optical astronomy allows us to see further; they are able to collect and focus more light from distant objects than our eyes can alone. This is achieved by refracting or reflecting the light using lenses or mirrors. Refractive telescopes contain lenses much like those found in our own eyes only much larger. Inside the telescope, light first reaches a primary lens. Primary lenses are convex – rounded – and are able to bend the captured light and aim it onto a secondary, focusing lens. This second lens is then responsible for focusing that light to produce a clear image of the object.
Optical telescopes are the most recognizable, as they are very similar to those you use in your own backyard. Optical astronomy provides both the most breath-taking images we see and the most basic information we know about our solar system, the Milky Way, and all the galaxies surrounding us.
Reflective telescopes work in a similar way to refractors but by reflecting, instead of bending, light using curved mirrors. In both cases, more light captured in the primary stage means more power to see faraway and a more efficient focusing stage produces clearer images.
Optical astronomy is limited by both the relative narrowness of the optical spectrum and the fact that the Earth's own atmosphere blocks out and bounces around some of this light, distorting the image we see. The human presence is also a problem for optical observing, as light pollution also severely limits the quality of data you can collect.
Stars and other objects radiate energy in many wavelengths other than visible light, which is only one small part of the electromagnetic spectrum. At the low end (with wavelengths longer than visible light) are low-energy infrared radiation and radio waves. At the high end of the spectrum (wavelengths shorter than visible light) are high-energy ultraviolet radiation, X rays, and gamma rays. X-ray astronomy is a relatively new scientific field focusing on celestial objects that emit x rays. Such objects include stars, galaxies, quasars, pulsars, and black holes.
Million degree gases can be found throughout the universe. In x-ray binary systems, a neutron star or black hole – the very dense remnant of a deceased massive star – is orbiting another star and stealing gas from its companion. The stolen gas gets caught up in a disk that spirals around the stellar remnant. The intense gravity of a neutron star or black hole accelerates the spiraling gas to high speeds, heating the material in the disk to extreme temperatures, and causing it to glow in x-ray light. The first attempt at detecting extraterrestrial sources of x-rays came with a 1949 rocket launch in the deserts of New Mexico.
Detectors in the rocket picked up x-rays coming from the sun. Now, the sun itself is actually a very weak emitter of x-rays. At a relatively cool temperature of “only” 6000 degrees Celsius, most of its energy comes out as visible light. What the rocket had detected was the million degree plasma bubble that surrounds the sun: its corona. Why the gas around the sun is hotter than the sun itself is a long-standing question in astrophysics. There are many ideas, such as electric currents generated by magnetic fields, but none are fully satisfactory. More rockets launched in the early 1960’s stumbled upon x-rays coming from well outside the solar system. An experiment in 1962 registered x-rays coming from somewhere in the constellation Scorpios.
Astronomical research is almost solely dependent on information we gather from the light of celestial bodies — their brightness, color, and movement. For millennia, humans could only observe the cosmos in visible light, but visible light constitutes only a tiny portion of the universe’s radiation. The electromagnetic spectrum contains all radiation, from the longest wavelengths (lowest frequencies) to the shortest wavelengths (highest frequencies). Longer wavelengths correspond to lower-energy photons, and the lowest of these are radio waves. Radio astronomy is the study of the universe through analysis of radio emission from celestial objects.
In the late 1920s, Bell Laboratories began planning a system of transatlantic wireless communications. They needed to know about sources of radio waves that might interfere with their plans, and put a young physicist, Karl Guthe Jan sky, on to the task.
In 1930, Jan sky built his now famous “merry-go-round,” a bridge-like structure that held antenna wires set on a spinning base. A motor turned his merry-go-round throughout the day and night to listen for radio static interference, and indeed, he found plenty coming from distant thunderstorms …and the center of our Galaxy.
The knowledge of the ultraviolet spectra of astronomical objects. Ultraviolet radiation comes from a hotter region of the electromagnetic spectrum than visible light. For example, interstellar gas at temperatures close to 1,000,000 kelvins is quite prominent in the ultraviolet. It has yielded much important information about chemical abundances and processes in the Sun and certain other stellar objects, such as white dwarfs.
Ultraviolet, or UV, radiation ranges in wavelength between 10^-8 and 10^-7 meters and in frequency between 10^15 and 10^17 Hz. UV rays can be very harmful to life because they are strong enough to ionize atoms and destroy cells. Fortunately, the Earth’s atmosphere shields us from most UV radiation. Astronomers who want to study UV light from celestial sources must do so from space-borne telescopes, such as the Hubble Space Telescope.
Gamma Ray Astronomy
The electromagnetic spectrum includes light waves, radio waves, infrared radiation, ultraviolet radiation, X rays, and gamma rays. Gamma-rays coming from space are mostly absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere. So gamma-ray astronomy could not develop until it was possible to get our detectors above all or most of the atmosphere, using balloons or spacecraft. The first gamma-ray telescope carried into orbit, on the Explorer 11 satellite in 1961, picked up fewer than 100 cosmic gamma-ray photons. These appeared to come from all directions in the Universe, implying some sort of uniform "gamma-ray background". Such a background would be expected from the interaction of cosmic rays (very energetic charged particles in space) with gas found between the stars.
The source, dubbed Scorpios X-1, turned out to be a neutron star, 9000 light-years away, orbiting another star. Superheated gas falling onto the neutron star was releasing 60,000 times more energy just in x-rays than all the wavelengths of light emitted by the sun! The problem with sounding rockets is they are above the atmosphere for only a few minutes. This limits astronomers to only getting a quick peek at the x-ray sky. The introduction of x-ray telescopes on Earth-orbiting satellites in the late 1970’s changed all that. In the intervening decades, researchers have discovered a sky littered with pinpoints of x-ray light: the sites of neutron stars and black holes. Closer to home, satellites have revealed an x-ray glow emanating from all across the sky. What they’re seeing is the inside of a gargantuan gas bubble – 300 light-years across – in which the solar system resides. Dubbed “The Local Bubble”, it is most likely the very ancient marker of a supernova explosion that shook the region approximately 20 million years ago. What would that have looked like to our ancestors on a more primitive Earth?
Principle of Astrology
Planets in sky keep on revolving around the Sun continuously & during their movement they keep on acquiring different positions. Thousands of years ago sages in India discovered through their sixth sense that there exist a relationship between the position of planets at the time of birth of a person & various events that happen in his life as well as his/her personality traits. Indian Vedic Astrology is called 'Jotas' in Hindi language which has been derived from the word 'Jyoti'. 'Jyoti' means Light. 'Jyotish' means to throw upon light on a person's life. The physical constitution of the Universe is the basis of the science of Astrology; and in order to explain from what principles we deduce our judgments of its movements we must endeavor to gain a clear idea of the nature of those movements.
Many people have an idea that the solar system is more or’ less spherical in shape. This is not the case. It is, roughly speaking, a flat disk. It whirls in one plane. The planets depart slightly from this plane, but only slightly. How this state of affairs came to be, has long been the problem of Astronomy, and it is not yet satisfactorily settled. But the general idea is that there was at one time, we do not know why or how, an enormous flaming mass revolving in space. In course of time certain heavier portions collected together by the force of gravity, and this mass being coherent, was flung off, retaining. This body constantly radiating its heat into space gradually contracted and solidified. This first body was the planet Neptune. It is by no means certain that Neptune is the most distant planet. Students of astronomy are well aware of how it was discovered. In calculating the movement of Uranus certain perturbations were discovered which could not be accounted for by any of the known planets. Astronomers were therefore led to imagine that there might be some other body yet undiscovered and probably beyond Uranus.
Astrology is a glorious and beautiful harmonization of science and spirit. By using the Earth's orbit around the Sun as a fixed reference point and through precise astronomical plotting of planetary movements, people can understand, with remarkable accuracy, the highest spiritual meanings and most practical physical potentials that synchronize with celestial events. The 'map' against which one superimposes this extremely precise scientific data is the birth or natal chart. The birth chart, which everyone has, is essentially a snapshot of the heavens at the moment of birth. The locations and aspects of the Sun, Moon, and planets mysteriously reveal the nature and purpose of one's life. By comparison of the birth chart with impending planetary movements, one can, either by themselves or with the assistance of a gifted Astrologer, peer into their future. The ramifications of a person having this type of information goes beyond measure; this is power of the most unique and extraordinary kind, and thus, the reason why it has been cloaked and coveted for so long.
Mar 20 – Apr 20
Apr 20 – May 21
May 21 – Jun 21
Jun 21 – Jul 23
Jul 23 – Aug 23
Aug 23 – Sep 23
Sep 23 – Oct 23
Oct 23 – Nov 22
Nov 22 – Dec 22
Dec 22 – Jan 20
Jan 20 – Feb 18
Jan 20 – Feb 18
Theological viewpoint of Astrology
There are multiple zodiacs. Astrology was used because of the Catholic Church’s belief that they could predict the future (a remnant of the culture of the Hellenistic period and Greek myths) and it was quickly gotten rid of because believing one could predict the future contradicted the divine will of God.
Chinese Mythology is also dispersed and although its zodiac was birthed from these myths, it’s generally independent of any religion like Confucianism or Taoism.
On the other hand, Hinduism and Buddhism are the only well-known and practiced religions of the world that believe in the principle of reincarnation. Anyone who considers themselves New Age picks and chooses what they might listen to. There can be some people who believe in Reincarnation and the Western Zodiac or the principles of Eastern Reincarnation and the Chinese Zodiac.
Astrology is not a religion. It is more a mathematical science that links the universal bodies to the experience we face in this planet. Similar to Feng Shui, that uses mathematical calculations to define the best location, and direction for your home. Reincarnation was considered originally by most of religions.
- Catholicism eliminated such dogma in 1,300 of this Era.
- Buddhism accepts Reincarnation.
- Vedic Teachings is based on Reincarnation.
Summary, it has nothing to do with religion. It is more a fact we need to accept that grants a tremendous power to our inner soul, and spirit, to define our purpose, construct our will, learn to empower our astral body, and gives us the required teachings to accept the Brutal & Magnificent Presence of God in the Multi-Universe, which directs our path towards the infinite Love & Power of Manifestation of his Unlimited Merciful Expression in our everlasting life.
Astrology in Religion
Astrology was the foundation of all the ancient faiths: Egyptian, Babylonian, Greek, Roman, Zoroastrian, Mithraism, the Druids and the Norse gods… Astrology was also at the heart of the Mayan, Aztec and Inca religions in the Americas with the Sun as the supreme God.
Astrological ideas formed in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and ancient Greece, and then spread westward. During this early period astrology coagulated into a fixed world view that recognized gods in the planets and signs, whose existence was proven by comparing life on earth with the movements of the sky. Astrology saw man, nature and cosmos as one single accord that worked by the principle of analogy and sympathy.
In this way, an entire system of analogous relationships between the heavenly bodies and the things on earth was established, and makes up the world view of astrology today. It assumes that all of nature has a spiritual essence through which the analogies work. Those who today cannot believe in this essence are unable to take astrology seriously. Conversely, those who do believe in this essence have good prospects of accepting at least the world view of astrology.
Such thinking continued through the middle Ages and beyond. Thus in the 17th century the ancient planet gods remained in the beliefs of most people and were seen as responsible for good and bad harvests, for war and peace, for sickness and recovery, and so on. When accepted by one-God religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, these planet gods were understood as instruments of the one God.
The famous sacred Tetragrammatons’’, Yod-He-Vau-He, which spells the name of Yahweh, comprises four letters from the higher triad which centers on Jupiter’s throne at Mercy.
These Gods, this indefinable divine Spirit, should not be confused with the everyday astrological spirit of Jupiter. The mundane may mirror the divine but the divine is of a different, higher order. The Kabbalah is quite explicit about these ascending metaphysical levels, finally attaining the divine.
The characters of the eight principal Hindu Gods fit the characters of the eight principal Sephiroth, or Shining Ones, of the Tree of Life. There are some remarkable similarities between the Birth stories of Krishna and Christ. Ganesh, the expansive and beneficent elephant God who represents the divine Spirit of Jupiter in India, is translated as Lord of Hosts, one of Jehovah’s favorite titles.
Buddhism dogmatically denies any external deities but in practice Tibetan Buddhism acknowledges a full pantheon. Tibetan Buddhism also recognizes the four astrological elements, earth, air, fire and water, at its very heart.
First of all it must be said that, in the 18th and 19th centuries, astrology disappeared from recognized science and recognized Christian theology. Nevertheless in the late 19th century, in esoteric circles, principally the Theosophical Society founded in 1875, astrology experienced a revival. The TS was concerned to make known the esoteric doctrines contained in all religions and to speak against modern natural science, which was seen as incomplete because it disregarded the spiritual powers at work in nature. All of nature, stones, plants, animals, were once again, as in ancient times, filled with mysterious divine powers. The planets are not just dead, physical bodies, for in them lie living essences which work through them. Or so the TS held.
These views were promoted notably by Alice Bailey (1880-1949), whose book Esoteric Astrology explained a certain heavenly hierarchy and revived the astrological world view, and by Alan Leo (1860-1917), whose many works made possible the transition from esoteric astrology to practical horoscope interpretation. Astrology once again claimed to provide a spiritual interpretation of the world while at the same time using scientific knowledge for this purpose. Its ancient concern to be religion and science at the same time was once more achieved.
More graphic evidence of the Tradition of the Tree of Life can be seen in the image of Avalokitesvara, the God of Compassion, which reproduces the central column of the Tree. Several elements in the story of the Buddha strongly echo the Tradition of the Tree, particularly his ascension to the top of the Bodhi Tree when he attained Enlightenment. The top or Crown of the Tree of Life, the Shining One of Neptune, is the favorite throne of the Lords of the past age of Pisces, Christ, Krishna and Buddha.
Perhaps the clearest evidence of the worldwide knowledge of the Tree of Life can be found in the most far-flung and unexpected quarter. The eight tri-grams of the Tao date back over three thousand years and are used for oracles, divination, for a faith which has temples of the ancestors rather than the gods, though the Tao does recognize a Supreme Unity, Supreme Spirit, or God.
The eight tri-grams are traditionally placed on a wheel representing the eight directions. In this arrangement their different elemental characters relate extremely closely to the zodiac characters of the major planets in the corresponding positions on the Tree.
In addition to theosophy, the ideas of the psychologist Carl Jung (1875-1961) also paved the way for modern astrology. While trying to decode the symbolic world of our nightly dreams he came across images that also appear in the myths and fairy tales handed down to us. This led him to the idea that the gods of the heavenly bodies in astrology are actually pictures that lie unconsciously dormant in our mind. Thus myths about the war god Mars are actually events that humans have repeatedly experienced and have at some time ascribed to gods. In this way, according to Jung, astrology came about.
Jung, and others such as Fritz Riemann in his book Lebenshilfe Astrologie: Gedanken und Erfahrungen, believed that astrology could therefore inform us about the human mind and (very generally) future events. Not because the stars dictate human life, but because the horoscope hints at predispositions that can be followed up in ways unrelated to the stars. It becomes the basis for a psychological consultation. For example Hans Bender, in his foreword to Thomas Ring's Astrologist Menschenkunde (Freiburg 1990), notes that "a great number of rational people, among them many psychotherapists, use the birth constellation as a practical diagnostic tool."
However, if the horoscope hints at predispositions that can develop in quite diverse ways, the horoscope and eventual outcome do not necessarily correspond to one another. So how can this correspondence be tested? Most astrologers agree that testing is difficult and may not be possible, but feel that personal experience in consultation verifies the correctness of the horoscope. Due to these difficulties in testing, astrology enjoys hardly any scientific recognition.
But if astrology were to be confirmed by scientific tests, it would mean that human character would depend on the stars at birth, which is contrary to accepted scientific findings. It would require a return to religious explanations. The dependence would not be explained by physical effects such as light or gravitation, but through "living powers" at work in the whole cosmos. It would be a return to the ancient astrology, to an "anima mundi," a world soul, which could explain astrological and magical events.
Theory is just as important as observation in astronomy. It is required for the interpretation of observational data; for the construction of models of celestial objects and physical processes, their properties, and their changes over time; and for guiding further observations.
Theoretical astrophysics is based on laws of physics that have been validated with great precision through controlled experiments. Application of these laws to specific astrophysical problems, however, may yield equations too complex for direct solution.
Two general approaches are then available. In the traditional method, a simplified description of the problem is formulated, incorporating only the major physical components, to provide equations that can be either solved directly or used to create a numerical model that can be evaluated (see numerical analysis). Successively more-complex models can then be investigated. Alternatively, a computer program can be devised that will explore the problem numerically in all its complexity. Computational science has taken its place as a major division alongside theory and experiment. The test of any theory is its ability to incorporate the known facts and to make predictions that can be compared with additional.
Cultural Impact of Astrology
Astrology is a science that reveals about the role of planetary positions and their moments in the life of a person. This science is in practice from the older times when our Sagas discovered that this whole formation of the universe is made by using five elements that are fire, earth, air, water, and sound. These all five elements are used in the creation of the human being.
After that, they discovered that all the planets along with the stars have their direct impacts on the life of the person. Astrology is not a very small subject because it includes many things like gazing stars and analyzing the positions and moments of cosmic bodies.
Carl Jung was an pre- eminent psychiatrist (1875-1961) who validated Astrology in his own words, “We are born at a given moment, in a given place and we have like the best wines, the quality of the year and the season which witness our birth.” He conducted research on his patients and found their character traits revealed through their horoscopes. He also discovered the truth of Astrology archetypes and existence of something higher in the universe, above the causal chain of effects as experienced by the individual and the world at large. Every person wishes to learn about his or her future life and also wants to know that what is there is destiny for him or her. Only astrology is the way to learn that what is going to happen in the future life of the person.
The horoscope of the person plays an important role in astrology because it is a very useful tool for the astrologer to learn about the person and his future life. The horoscope of the person is created on the basis of birth details of the person.
Literature and Music of Astrology
Born under the first sign of the zodiac and one of our personal favorites, Aries make excellent protagonists. Adventurous, outgoing, courageous, confident, forceful, and dynamic, they can also be selfish, impulsive, and quick-tempered. No wonder, as their key element is fire, their ruling planet is Mars, and their symbol is the ram. We smell drama! These characters were definitely Arians.
- Achilles (The Iliad, by Homer).
- Elizabeth Bennet (Pride and Prejudice, by Jane Austen)
- Tom Sawyer (The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain)
- Dean Moriarty (On the Road, by Jack Kerouac)
- James Bond (the James Bond series by Ian Fleming et al.)
- Katniss Everdeen (The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins)
There are few people in the UK who have done as much to make classical music popular as Debbie Wiseman. Currently composer-in-residence at Classic FM, she shared the composition of her latest album, The Musical Zodiac, on a regular log, and it leapt straight to number two on the classical music chart when it was released last week.
You may not realize it, but you will definitely be familiar with Wiseman's work. She composed the music for Wolf Hall, for the Andrew Marr Show, for a show called Lesbian Vampire Killers. She loves film and television projects because they are collaborative, lasting and often lend themselves to the melodic, symphonic sound that she most enjoys creating. They also involve writing to a narrative, something which has become so intrinsic to her that, when Classic FM suggested an album based on the zodiac, she wrote stories for each star-sign.
"There was great freedom. It was very liberating to suddenly be writing music that is to be listened to as just music, on its own.
"I went back to Greek mythology, and the personality traits associated with the zodiac and I made stories to accompany the signs.
Subfields of Astronomy
- Solar Astronomy
- Planetary Science
- Stellar Astronomy