Fashion, Beauty, Glamour

Fashion, Beauty, Glamour information for online study; you can learn about fashion and related subjects, self-study and e-Learning courses about fashion.

Fashion, Beauty, Glamour

Fashion is a beautiful creativity, fulfilling the urge of something new, latest! Fashion may be an imagination, inspiration from nature and a thought and a hard work of a team or a designer alone. It is also a peer pressure. But sometimes, It is a result of a heavily invested R&D, the innovative concept, which is seeded in our minds through fashion shows and advertisements.

According to the fashioners, fashion is “A prevailing custom or style of dress, etiquette, socializing, etc.", if you ask a fashion student or a fashion enthusiast this same question, you will probably hear answers such as: “Fashion is a way of expressing oneself,” or "Fashion is a form of art,” and “Fashion is playing around with and breaking the rules of conventional dressing.” Fashion may seem like a simple concept, but behind the word is a world full of creativity, breakthroughs, and endless possibilities.

Beauty has varied throughout time, various cultures and the vast different perceptions of the world. Beauty has been described and depicted through pictures and concepts penetrating our minds. Beauty has been defined in so many ways. What I have discovered is that beauty is simple. Beauty is happiness. I love the saying, “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.” It’s never been truer! Especially when the fashion and entertainment industry try to shove their idea of beauty down our throats. And as Latinas, we’re always battling the stereotypes that they’ve placed before us. The truth is, we all have different opinions of what beauty is.

Glamour is a type of modeling where the subjects, often female, are portrayed in a romantic or alluring manner. In the Types of Modeling piece, I mentioned one type wherein freelancers often thrive in. Glamour modeling fits that bill, and it is also an excellent foundation for aspiring models looking to get a foot in the industry’s door and eventually branching out into other types of modeling.

Clothing Fashion

Fashion is a distinctive and often habitual trend in the style in which a person dresses. It is the prevailing styles in behavior and the newest creations of textile designers.
Types of Fashion Clothing:

Bohemian: Bohemian style is characterized with artistic interests like arty style.

Arty: Arty, as the name suggests, pertains to a creative thinker. The clothes an arty girl wears shows her artistic themes.

Chic: One of the popular types of fashion styles is the chic style. "Chic" is often synonymous with "trendy" or "fashionable".

Classic: Classic style may express comfort, but actually it focuses more on quality and popular styles such as white button-down blouses, ballet flats, a wide-legged trouser and leather boots.

Exotic: Exotic style focuses on something very uncommon, striking yet excitingly different. The clothing style centers on long flowing lines that has rich smoky colors, designs, mysterious ornate patterns, jungle prints, mosaics and iridescent textures and shiny jewelry, etc.

Glamorous: Glamorous style shows a dazzling look accompanied with refined drama. But it also has a subtle allure, which can be between dramatic style and sexy style.

Sophisticated: People with sophisticated style are not easily satisfied. Similar to classic, these people want high quality.

Traditional: Traditional fashion style shows the wholesome and sensible “girl next door”

Clothing Designers

Compared to the high-gloss world of fashion design, clothing designers don't lead a professional life that is quite as tumultuous and exciting. This type of designer is usually employed by a clothing manufacturing or apparel company and likely works with a team headed by a creative designer. Designers working in this kind of environment usually create design prototypes and then bring them to the creative designer for approval. They can also be involved in the marketing process when presenting to buyers or distributors.

Fashion Industry

The fashion industry is dynamic and exciting, if a little unstable. Whether you make it into the upper echelon of fashion or you design clothing for a more modest market, you've beaten the odds of success in a desirable and fiercely competitive industry. There are several opportunities for employment in design, including high fashion, ready-to-wear clothing, lingerie and swimwear, shoes and handbags.

Fashion Designers

Think of any big name in fashion, like Tom Ford, Emilio Pucci, Donna Karan and Betsey Johnson, and you've got the essence of a fashion designer. Fashion designers are not just creators of fashion, they're also involved in every phase of designing, showing and producing clothing and accessories, according to the "Princeton Review."

Designers envision their styles and sketch them out, commission seamstresses to bring their designs to life and work with a team of publicists, show producers and buyers to showcase their designs in a fashion show and distribute to stores. The fashion industry can be a very glamorous one and is an incredibly competitive, high stress, demanding environment. Successful fashion designers must always be on the cusp of cutting-edge trends and constantly keep up on current tastes and sensibilities.

Beauty in Ancient Greek

The nature of beauty became a central intellectual question with the emergence of the discipline known as aesthetics in the mid-eighteenth century, when the word was first coined. Aesthetics took beauty as its special province, above all in the domain of art. Why this interest should have arisen just then, and in Germany (or what is now Germany) in particular, is an intriguing issue in the history of philosophy, to which we shall return. From this point on, at any rate, serious thinking about beauty had to take account of well-developed theoretical positions and confront the paradoxes or difficulties that arose as a result of the umbrella character of the concept, which covered so great a variety of notions.

The present investigation is historical and looks to understand how our modern notions of beauty arose in relation to the prevailing ideas and accounts of beauty in classical antiquity, beginning with the Greeks. From this perspective, perhaps the quandary that most immediately presents itself concerning the nature of beauty is the apparent variety of forms that it takes across different times and places. This is evident in relation to the human form, the ideals for which may vary even in a relatively short period of time: for several recent decades, glamour was associated with models so thin as to appear anorexic.

They would have aroused a certain revulsion in periods accustomed to more fulsome figures. The current practice of piercing and tattooing the body is another variation in the criteria for beauty, as is long hair or totally shaved heads for men compared to the trim haircuts of fifty or sixty years ago (I am not sure that younger people even know what a “part” is, in relation to a hairstyle). The ancient Greeks also had their preferences, which doubtless varied over time and in different locales. The same would be true for the Romans and the vast empire they eventually ruled. Although I mention, when relevant, the traits (for example, height) that counted as contributing to beauty, whether male or female, in antiquity, they are not the primary subject of the present book.

A full-lipped, cheek-chiseled man in Ancient Greece knew two things - that his beauty was a blessing (a gift of the gods no less) and that his perfect exterior hid an inner perfection. For the Greeks a beautiful body was considered direct evidence of a beautiful mind. They even had a word for it - kaloskagathos - which meant being gorgeous to look at, and hence being a good person.

Not very politically correct, I know, but the horrible truth is that pretty Greek boys would have swaggered around convinced they were triply blessed - beautiful, brainy and god-beloved. So what made them fit? For years, classical Greek sculpture was believed to be a perfectionist fantasy - an impossible ideal, but we now think a number of the exquisite statues from the 5th to the 3rd Centuries BC were in fact cast from life - a real person was covered with plaster, and the mould created was then used to make the sculpture.

The ancient Greeks are held up as the epitome of reason and measured beauty. But, as the British Museum’s current exhibition demonstrates, you don’t need to look far beyond the rationality and philosophical musings to reveal chaos and hidden passions.

Cosmetics were so popular in Egypt that essentially everyone used them. Cosmetics also tended to be used for versatile reasons. Cosmetics were used to make one’s appearance look more attractive like they are today but they were also used as protection against Egypt’s harsh climate (beautiful with brains). For example, if a worker were to be out in the sun they would cover their skin in attempt to protect it against the harsh elements (beautiful with brains). Cosmetics weren’t just for women in Egypt men used them too. Also how much money you possessed didn’t matter the rich and poor both used cosmetics.

Beauty in Middle Ages

“Medieval times” lasted roughly from the 5th to 15th century. That’s 1000 years of history of hundreds of cultures and nations.

So you see it’s really hard to summarize in a few paragraphs, but I will try. Also everything that I write only applies to Christianized Western Europe (the “stereotypical” medieval world) - it would obviously be a different story if we include people from other regions and of different faiths, such as the Vikings for example, who were also medieval Europeans. Anyway, back to Western Europe:


Let’s face it - medieval societies were very patriarchal and there were much, much more beauty standards for women than for men. As long as a man was healthy, had at least a bit of an athletic figure, didn’t have any very unusual body features and was well groomed, he was considered well looking. Long fair hair, pale skin and slenderness were appreciated.

Also, men were considered to be most beautiful in their 30s and 40s. This age was much lower for women who were considered most beautiful during their late teens.


Hair Throughout medieval Europe, (long) hair was considered to be one of the most beautiful parts of female body, that’s why in a lot of places married (Christian) women covered their hair as not to arouse impious desires in the minds of other men. 

In some places blonde hair was not seen as desirable and it was common for women of higher status to dye their hair according to many different trends - In other places blonde hair was considered pretty so women bleached their hair.

Body and Skin 

Because of religion women covered most of their body with clothes; however, certain parts such as the cleavage, ankles or wrists were often exposed and were considered very beautiful. Fair skin was appreciated among the nobility. It was he sign that that woman is not a mere peasant who has to toil in fields in the sun all day. Sometimes, women purposefully shaved their eyebrows to make their foreheads look higher which was considered pretty.

Various body types were appreciated at various places at different time, but generally a relatively long, slender symmetrical figure was considered pretty on women. Sometimes a bit of a protruding belly was seen as pretty. There is this popular idea that medieval people found curvy and full figured women especially pretty but this trend came later after medieval times during the late Renaissance and Baroque era.

Clothing and Jewelry

Clothing and jewelry were extremely important. Often a woman fitting the beauty standards I described above would go generally unnoticed if wearing poor clothes while a woman who would generally be considered less attractive but wearing fine clothing would receive far more male attention.

NOTE: It’s important to realize that during the medieval times, everyone of status married for political reasons, often within arranged marriages. It wasn’t common to take things like love or beauty into account when arranging these marriages.

Glamour in Ancient Times

The earliest occurrences of the glamour phenomenon were in the late 18th and early 19th centuries in Britain and France. A revealing comparison clarifies the social and cultural meaning of glamour: Marie Antoinette, whose status was established by birth and bloodline and who alienated the public with her extravagance and aloofness, is not a glamorous figure (whatever Sophia Coppola’s film suggests); Napoleon Bonaparte, an upstart who ‘fabricated his own myth’ and deployed grand spectacles to draw and hold public attention, was glamorous (p. 28). The luxury and display of European courts was not for public consumption, for the European aristocracy did not need – or did not think that they needed – public sanction; the equally luxurious and far more public rituals of the Napoleonic Empire were designed to shore up public support. For nearly a century, glamour was associated with bourgeois emulators of the trappings of aristocratic society and lifestyles in Western Europe. The setting was a new society of mobility, both social and geographic. Although America became the lodestone of glamour in the 20th century, Americans, many of whom were European emigrants, often referenced European standards or models or, increasingly, media representations of European glamour. Glamour is persuasive about the importance of imitation and simulation based on nostalgia and pastiche in the reproduction of glamour.

When ancient Italy is mentioned most think of Rome as the dominant culture. Yet the Etruscans had built a sophisticated and extensive civilization well before the Romans were fighting turf wars with other Latin tribes. According to legend, three Etruscan kings ruled Rome until the evil Tarquinii the Proud was expelled for raping Lucretius, a virtuous Roman matron, which led to the foundation of the Roman Republic. In fact, at its height, Etruria and its settlements extended throughout the modern regions of Umbria, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, Lazio and part of Campania and also dominated trade routes stretching from the Black Sea to northern Africa. The civilization lasted for centuries with first settlements dated from early Iron age 1100 BCE throughout Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic periods before finally ‘dying out’ around 100 BCE as a result of conquest and assimilation by first Greece and then Rome. During this immense span of history Etruscan fashion, jeweler, furniture and utensils changed, but one constant remained throughout each era - the Etruscans loved beautiful things.

Glamour in 21st Century & Glamour Modeling

Glamour models are women who possess a certain kind of sex appeal and who aren’t afraid to show off their bodies. Their poses tend to be more sexually suggestive than those of other models and are typically geared toward a male audience. A quick flip through magazines like Maxim, FHM, or even Playboy will give you a good idea of what glamour modeling is all about? In Glamour modeling cloth and their wearing is the central of the art. Person who is performing catwalk on fashion show is describing the latest designers design or latest fashion cloths. Promotion of cosmetic product and costly jewelry item are comes under the fashion modeling. In fashion modeling, handsome male or young female model uses their facial expression and body to express different emotion to attract the attention of the public.

Fashion Trends

Fashion trends have a much longer lifespan than fads. In fact, they can continue to be fashionable for years and even decades. The primary difference between a trend and a fad is that trends have the potential to be long-term influencers on the market. In addition, trends often involve altered classics. For example, specific colors can be declared “trendy.” For 2014, the colors orange and blue garnered a lot of attention. However, orange and blue are classic colors; in other words, a classic piece has been declared a “trend.” 

Today’s Fashion, that has always been a multi-dimensional universal impact , is not just a change, a trend but the spirit of the times, the succession and combination of styles. It is not just a relation among classes. Fashion is the most complete expression of a post-modern industrial culture that finds its way to be in the design process.

Technology Influence

On average, young adults spend almost five total hours a day on their phones – almost a third of the time they are awake. And most don’t even realize it. According to a study conducted by a British psychologist, Richard House, there is a vast lack of awareness around people and noticing how much time they spend on their phones.

With technology encompassing every part of our lives (more specifically, a full third), it’s only natural that it influences what we wear. Check out the following fashion tech trends being utilized for our wardrobes.

Political Influence

Could it be that like fashion studies, political dressing is a fashion trend? Based on the number of collections that included political statements during the 2017 fashion weeks, the answer would be a rotund yes. Several collections during the last season of fashion weeks employed political statements. Political runway antics included pink pussy hats at Missoni. There were white bandanas as a symbol of inclusion in Tommy Hilfiger, Thakoon, Prabal Gurung, Phillip Lim, Dior and Diane von Furstenberg. 

The recent political events have undoubtedly influenced the fashion industry's A-list which is more than eager to express its opinion on the current status quo. Nurtured by a growing sense of fear of the future – evidently induced by certain politicians and their delusional plans for our western society (say hi to Donald!) – Some designers decided to express their political statements with the help of needle and thread.

Economic Influence

Fashion in the 1920s. Trends Economic Influences The ending of World War I had a major influence on the fashion industry. Economic Influences The ending of World War I had a major influence on the fashion industry. Many young women who acted as nurses during the war returned with much greater medical knowledge after seeing all the damaging effects of the war Out of the war came much medical progress in the field of cosmetic and plastic surgery. A decade of revolutionary changes in American politics and culture, the fashion trends of the 1960s are a direct reflection of the turmoil and exploration that occurred during the era. The election of John F. Kennedy, the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights movement not only forever altered the landscape of America but also inspired designers to transform the fashion industry.

Social Influence

Designers presented an interesting mix of styles from street wear and traditional tailoring to avant-garde while exploring the relationship between social and political issues and fashion during the two-day menswear show on Friday and Saturday. 

In contrast to previous collections for the chilly season, many collections featured diverse colors that delighted the eyes of fashion enthusiasts. Social media influences has become a part of our globally connected world in multiple ways, and most recently the fashion industry is seeing a major shift in its inspiration for designs and trends, all thanks to social media and blogging sites like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Tumblr.

In the fashion industry, social media platforms can be used to interact with the consumer, as a means of networking with others in the industry, and as a way of building an online presence. But social media can also influence designers in unique ways that are changing the way many designers create their fashions.

Consumer Needs

The fashion preferences of the Indian consumers are changing circumspectly. The demographic and psychographic profiles are changing, having a vast effect on the fashion businesses and industry. A few years back, no one could trust an online website with their debit/credit card details, online shopping was not even a trend, and social media platforms were only for networking purposes. But with major corporate giants venturing into the e-commerce segment, the scenario has changed drastically.

Beauty Romantic Period

The more specific task of characterizing romantic aesthetics adds to these difficulties an air of paradox. Conventionally, “aesthetics” refers to a theory concerning beauty and art or the branch of philosophy that studies these topics. However, many of the romantics rejected the identification of aesthetics with a circumscribed domain of human life that is separated from the practical and theoretical domains of life. The most characteristic romantic commitment is to the idea that the character of art and beauty and of our engagement with them should shape all aspects of human life. Being fundamental to human existence, beauty and art should be a central ingredient not only in a philosophical or artistic life, but also in the lives of ordinary men and women. Another challenge for any attempt to characterize romantic aesthetics lies in the fact that most of the romantics were poets and artists whose views of art and beauty are, for the most part, to be found not in developed theoretical accounts, but in fragments, aphorisms and poems, which are often more elusive and suggestive than conclusive.

Needs of Fashion

Debbie Harry led Blondie in their Pollinator tour last year, fronting the band at the age of 72 wearing Vin and Omi’s “Stop Fucking The Planet” range. As well as raising awareness of the need for sustainable design, Harry also challenged ideas about fashion and ageing. Thankfully, older women are gradually becoming a more familiar part of fashion, with mature models such as Daphne Self (89), Jan de Villeneuve (72), and Lauren Hutton (74) regularly featuring both on the runway and in advertising campaigns. Increased interest in the “advanced style” of the world’s ageing population is no coincidence and is fuelled by the potential spending power of these baby boomer “bright old things”.

For many of these individuals, wearing and making fashionable clothing has been an inherent form of self-expression, and it remains just as important now as they enter retirement. Twiggy is a style icon for many women from this generation and in 2016 celebrated her 50th year in fashion. At 68, she still models for Marks and Spencer. Yet despite this astute marketing and ranges by other high street brands, such as Kin by John Lewis and COS, our research demonstrate that the industry must still do more to engage with its older consumers.

Emotional Fit is an ongoing, user-centered research project that began in 2015, following an approach by a group of mature women. The women asked Nottingham Trent University’s School of Art and Design what higher design education was doing about fashion for older women, something they had heard so much about but couldn’t find much evidence of on the high street.

As a result, a creative fashion enquiry was initiated between academics from the school and the group, who were all aged 55 and over. This unique collaboration between researchers in fashion, textile design and creative pattern cutting, and over 40 female participants from Nottingham, is developing a new, more inclusive approach to fashion that considers the stylistic and emotional needs of older consumers.

Media & Public Relations

Majority of British designers, such as Vivienne Westwood and Mark Katrantzou, expressed their disappointment via social media. All eyes were on this season’s fashion week in London, as the industry was curious to find out if such a major event would impact the collections showcased on the runway. Fashion in Scotland is an area of huge global interest. At every major fashion show across the globe, there’s normally at least one element from Scotland – from textiles to influence to the designers.

Scottish fashion and 21st century communications are two industries cut from the same cloth. There’s never been a better time for incredible fashion work to be showcased in a variety of ways from raising awareness of trends and collections, to helping people buy the desired items.

If a new designer collection is on the runway, you can watch the fashion show from your couch with live streaming platforms like Instagram, Facebook and YouTube. Designers recognize the purchasing power that consumers hold, and today, that buying power means more than that of the traditional industry gatekeepers. If you see a blogger wearing an outfit you love on Instagram, you can find and purchase the items right from your phone and have them delivered to your door thanks to shoppable applications that integrate with social media, like reward Style, Shop Style and In fact, what bloggers are wearing on Instagram and other social media outlets has created such an impact on the way that consumers shop that retailers have reached out to them for content collaborations. For instance, blogger Jacie Duprey of Damsel in Dior is an ambassador for Old Navy, mixing its affordable options with her own designer style to create one-of-a-kind looks.

Anthropological Perspective of Fashion

Anthropologists have on the whole been less concerned with definitions of fashion than with understanding dress practices within a comparative cross-cultural and transnational framework. Some use the term fashion to refer to the distinctive system for the production, marketing, representation and wearing of clothes that emerged in the modern West, and has since extended its reach around the world with the global spread of capitalism. However, many anthropologists use the term more widely to refer to changing tastes in dress and the processes of comparison, emulation and differentiation that encourage or discourage change in different historical and cultural contexts. Some argue that if the quest for self-enhancement through clothing and adornment is universal, then so too is fashion. Whatever the definition employed, most contemporary anthropologists agree that the assumption once commonly made by dress historians, sociologists and earlier generations of anthropologists that clothing traditions in small-scale pre-industrial societies were static and unchanging is unfounded, reproducing untenable dichotomies between modernity and tradition, the global and local, the West and the rest.

Political Activism

Someone who's actively involved in a protest or a political or social cause can be called an activist. Demonstrations, strikes, and sit-ins are all ways that an activist might work toward the change she believes in. The root word of activist is the Latin acts, "a doing, a driving force, or an impulse." Someone who acts on what she believes is an activist. Activism is action that goes beyond conventional politics, typically being more energetic, passionate, innovative, and committed. In systems of representative government, conventional politics includes election campaigning, voting, passing laws, and lobbying politicians. Action outside of these arenas includes neighborhood organizing, protest marches, and sit-ins. The boundary between activism and conventional politics is fuzzy and depends on the circumstances.

Action on behalf of special causes such as animal rights or anti-abortion goes beyond conventional politics. Sometimes, though, political parties are set up to promote special causes, such as labor parties in many countries in the 1800s and early 1900s or green parties since the 1960s. In this way activism becomes conventional politics. Often activism and conventional politics operate side by side, such as the labor movement - including unions and rank-and-file activities - alongside a labor party, or the environmental and peace movements alongside a green party.

Human Beauty

Humans have been trying to define beauty for a long time. Some have tried to explain it as mathematical proportions, searching for what were called the «canons» of beauty. Most definitions associate beauty with «harmony of form and color» and with «pleasing the eye».

We can distinguish two types of beauty in nature:

  • The beauty of lifeless objects; such as sunsets, seaside’s, full moons, ...
  • The beauty of living organisms; found in plants and animals.

A beautiful flower is also a healthy flower. At the market, you choose the best looking fruits and vegetables. For you, their good appearance indicates their healthy condition. When you observe animals, those who are healthy tend to be more beautiful, while those who are ill present characteristics that make them less appealing to us. A beautiful squirrel is also a healthy squirrel. Fat is ugly. Beauty is a visual phenomenon. It can only be appreciated by animals with a sense of sight. Its goal is to attract and it doesn't go unnoticed. When it occurs, it provokes a strong reaction in those who see it. Beauty will distract and grab the beholder's attention. It impacts the mind so greatly that it will be remembered for a long time.

Beauty Effects on Society

Having a body, which is visible, host your soul, which is invisible, is a weird way to exist. You are not your arms, your legs, or your nose. Your soul has a body so you could function and experience the physical world through your senses. You use your eyes to see the world, but you are not your eyes. They are merely an instrument. You use your ears to hear, your legs to walk… You get the point. Those are all the instruments you use.

So, having a body is very useful. And your soul is certainly connected deeply with it. It’s your brain that produces your emotions, will, and the ability of higher thought, and it’s your blood along with other physical things that makes it possible for your brain to make it possible for you to exist. But still, as I said, the body is not my soul. It’s my soul’s instrument, a soul’s clothes. So, I, as a person, am not my body. To try and illustrate: I wear clothes every day. But my clothes are not a part of me. It’s something I have to use and which is in close contact with my body. That’s all.

(Side note: I’m not a native English speaker and I wish I could explain that part much better, but I trust you will know what I mean, hopefully.)
However, there comes the hard and the interesting part. Our body is the only visible aspect of us. Therefore, it is impossible for humans around you to make a difference and a clear border between who you are, and how you look. Some try hard, some don’t try at all, but either way, when they look at you, they see your body. It’s extremely hard to see who a person is and how they look as two different things when out of those two, you can only see the latter.

Our soul has a filter through which it is expressed. Your inner thoughts (non-physical aspect of you) become a part of the physical world outside of you which you share with humans, through one of your instruments: your voice. So, while your thoughts and your voice are different things, they become one as you speak, and sound and seem inseparable. You just can’t hear or know someone’s thoughts unless they use their voice to speak them. (or unless they write them down, but that’s not the topic). You, a soul, cannot look at someone without directing your eyes at them. And, again, the person will not see your soul, but your eyes. And here comes the next part. Most of you probably know how Luna Love good looks like in Harry Potter. In the books, Luna is described as a very curious, peculiar, wise girl. She is innocent, ethereal, and dreamy.