Sports information for online study; you can learn about sports and related subjects, self-study and e-Learning courses about Sports.
Sport (or sports) is all forms of usually competitive physical activity which, through casual or organized participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing entertainment to participants, and in some cases, spectators. We have a huge list of sports which includes some that you may not consider a sport. In order to justify what makes the list, we have to base the inclusion on a clear definition of what makes a sport. Hundreds of sports exist, from those requiring only two participants, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in teams or competing as individuals.
The issue of which activities are recognized as ‘sports’ and which are not, is a controversial one and really depends on what organization or body you ask. Unfortunately there is no definitive right or wrong answer. Some of the definitions below are also incompatible with each other and recognize activities as sports that other definitions would reject. As with anything, the context of what the activity is, why it is being played, where and by whom, becomes all important. Sport is generally recognized as activities which are based in physical athleticism or physical dexterity, with the largest major competitions such as the Olympic Games admitting only sports meeting this definition, and other organizations such as the Council of Europe using definitions precluding activities without a physical element from classification as sports. Sorter’s members all use Sport for Development to impact on the following social outcomes:
- Education and Employability
- Health and well-being
- Crime and anti-social behavior
- Community cohesion
- Inequality in sports participation
Fair play is a complex concept that comprises and embodies a number of fundamental values that are not only integral to sport, but relevant in everyday life. By implementing Fair Play – philosophy into CSIT World Sports Games and other championships, CSIT strives to more. Everyone has the right to take part in sport, free from harassment, abuse and poor behavior. Club committee should work hard to make this happen, for the benefit and safety of members, as well as your club’s reputation. “Fair play means honest and just play. It is a notion that expresses the sports ethics of the 19th century evolved from the atmosphere of the English bourgeois liberalism" – writes Laszlo Kun, a Hungarian author in his book about the history of sports. In the early years of capitalism sport was industrialized. It was not just a leisure time activity any more, it was business. People were feverishly bent on betting. The conditions of victory became ever more important as manipulation of competition had the power to ruin equal chances of winning. Consequently, the precursors of competition rules and regulations were born although the sheer interest in maximizing profit actually inspired their creation. In spite of these tendencies, there was hope for those who believed in the real values of sport. The movement that considered physical education to be a unique educational tool started to arise again.
Finally, in the 19th century the flowering of capitalism and bourgeois liberalism saw the development of modern sport and the birth of the notion of fair play. The expression was first used by Shakespeare in his play, 'King John' (in 1597), but it became known and widespread in the 1800s. The 'Young Christian Athlete' and 'Christian Gentleman' of English society, regarded as the ideal in their era, were educated by means of sport which became an invaluable and key tool for shaping personality. Their behavior was regulated and controlled by the spirit of fair play. Club committees should lead a fair play culture – one that embraces diversity, transparency, sporting spirit, integrity and respect.
- Team spirit
- Equal opportunities
- Fair access
- Sports without doping and drugs
- Respect for written and unwritten rules, such as
Sports participation interventions engage pupils in sports as a means to increasing educational engagement and attainment. This might be through organized after school activities or a programmer organized by a local sporting club or association. Sometimes sporting activity is used as a means to encourage young people to engage in additional learning activities, such as football training at a local football club combined with study skills, ICT, literacy, or mathematics lessons.
Although it is quite difficult to estimate exact participation numbers for sports around the world, it is possible to give a general idea of some of the most participated sports using available research, although we appreciate that the list is open to debate. Few things can rival football as a spectator sport and this is also matched by the number of people who participate in the sport, be it at grassroots level, 5-a-side leagues or simply playing for fun with friends. In the last global census undertaken by the sport’s governing body FIFA, it was estimated that there are 265 million people who play the sport along with more than 5 million referees, which equates to 4% of the world’s population. It might come as a surprise to some people that badminton is among the world’s top 10 most participated sports. But badminton is an extremely popular indoor sport, which is played regularly by an estimated 220 million people around the world. This fast paced sport is played by men and women in over 100 countries on 5 continents around the world. A firm favorite at the Olympic Games, field hockey is a highly technical sport, played by 10 outfield players plus a goalkeeper and its rules differ from the Ice hockey variation of the sport. Originating from America, volleyball boasts an impressive estimated global participation figure of 998 million people. Indoor and outdoor versions of the sport are played all over the world, with over 220 affiliated national federations registered to volleyball’s global governing body the ‘FIVB’. The Federation of International Basketball Associations (FIBA) estimates that a minimum of 450 million people play the sport around the world, be it recreationally or through structured competitions. Legendary figures in the world of basketball such as Michael Jordan and Kobe Bryant, have aided the rise in global popularity of the sport from its American roots. The majority of participants of this sport come from Australia, India, Pakistan, South Africa and the UK, but cricket is also on the rise in other countries all over the world. The International Cricket Council (ICC) identified that an impressive 125 countries around the world play the sport. Historically baseball was more popular in America than anywhere else in the world but the sport is now becoming increasingly popular in other countries such as Japan. Softball is the female version of the game, and it is estimated by the World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC) that 65 million people play either baseball or softball in over 140 countries. Perhaps one of the most popular pastimes in the world, according to Golf Today, 60 million people around the world regularly participate in the sport. The definition of regularly playing golf in these figures equates to taking part in one round of golf per year, or using a facility such as a driving range.
Sports psychology can help athletes identify issues that are preventing them from achieving their goals and help them develop successful strategies to overcome these obstacles and deal with the challenges of performance and training that most athletes face. Sports psychologists also help athletes develop effective strategies to maximize their mental arousal and preparedness for training aka “getting into the zone." Every athlete is different and how to best prepare mentally for competition is as different as how to best prepare physically. All of these issues can be helped by a qualified sports psychologist.
Tennis has an estimated global following of 1 billion fans and a global sphere of influence. Different versions of the sport are believed to have been played by the Egyptians, Romans and the Greeks, although the modern sport was first popularized in France. From France, it spread to other parts of Europe and eventually to the whole world. The sport is played by two teams of either one or two players each and involves bouncing a ball over a net by use of tennis rackets. Field hockey has an estimated global following of 2 billion fans and sees its primary sphere of influence in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia. The contemporary field hockey sport was first played in England in the 1800s. The game is mostly similar to soccer except that the players use sticks to drive the ball instead of feet. Cricket has a 2.5 billion person estimated global following, and its primary sphere of influence is in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries. The cradle of the sport was the 16th Century England and it was made a national sport in the 18th Century in the country. The sport is characterized by two teams of eleven players each, where each team attempts to score the most runs. Association football, or soccer, is the most popular sport in the world. It is estimated that more than half of the world's population consider themselves to be association football (soccer) fans. The sport enjoys an estimated 4.0 billion person following, and a global sphere of influence. Ancient soccer has been traced to China, as early as the 2nd Century. The Romans, Greeks, and Japanese have also been thought as possible first players of the sport. Contemporary soccer began in England, where it amassed considerable interest and spread to other parts of the world. The sport is more popular in Europe and Americas than in any other continent.
Cricket is the most popular sports in South Asia. Baseball is very popular in Japan, USA and elsewhere. Hockey is not as popular as it used to be. Table Tennis is popular in China only and some European nations. And then there are sports which are almost equally popular: Swimming, Athletics, Gymnastics, Ice Hockey (NHL-1 million) and Hockey (197 K IHF). Golf is a professional sport. Golf is associated with high earning class of the society, thus it lacks participation. Athletics is only famous as an Olympics sport and with few great names.
Most Participated Sports according to various surveys:
- Football (Over 1.5 billion)
- Badminton( 450–800 million)
- Volleyball (300 million, however some figures suggest that over 700 million people play the sport.
- Basketball (400 million-800 million
- Cricket (100 million - 500 million)
- Tennis (100 million -300 million)
- Table Tennis (200–250 million)
- Baseball (50–100 million)
- Hockey (Field and Ice) 50 million
- Golf (50 million)
- Football (without any doubt) (Asia and Europe, the Middle East and Africa) (over 4 billion fans)
- Cricket (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Australia,England and other) (2.2 billion fans or more)
- Basketball (China, USA, Spain,Serbia, India, Canada) (1.5 billion fans)
- This is a tie: Badminton and Tennis (1.3 billion fans or more)
- Table Tennis (600 million) (China alone is enough)
- Baseball (400 million)
- Volleyball and Hockey 400 million)
- Rugby (200 million)
- Golf (150 million) (The Sport of millionaires)