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Technology keeps on advancing and it is becoming very essential in our lives, everyday people Use Technology to improve on the way they accomplish specific tasks and this is making them look smarter. . Technology is being used in many ways to simplify every aspect of our lives.  Technology is being used in various sectors. For example, we use technology in education to improve on the way we learn, we use technology in business to gain competitive advantage and to improve on customer care services and relationships, technology can be used in agriculture to improve on agricultural outputs and to save time. Technology is a body of knowledge devoted to creating tools, processing actions and the extracting of materials. The term ‘Technology” is wide, and everyone has their way of understanding its meaning. We use technology to accomplish various tasks in our daily lives, in brief; we can describe technology as products and processes used to simplify our daily lives. We use technology to extend our abilities, making people the most crucial part of any technological system.

Technology is also an application of science used to solve problems. But it is vital to know that technology and science are different subjects which work hand-in-hand to accomplish specific tasks or solve problems. Technology is the use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes or applications, whether in industry or in our everyday lives. So, basically, whenever we use our scientific knowledge to achieve some specific purpose, we're using technology. Well, there is slightly more to it than that. Technology usually involves a specific piece of equipment, but that equipment can be incredibly simple or dazzlingly complex. It can be anything from the discovery of the wheel, all the way up to computers and MP3 players. Technology is about taking action to meet a human need rather than merely understanding the workings of the natural world, which is the goal of science. The invention of the microscope was driven by a need to explore the world of the small, beyond our unaided vision. This technological solution to a long standing problem has in turn enabled us to understand more the workings of the world which in turn has led to the development of more technologies. It uses much more than scientific knowledge and includes values as much as facts, practical craft knowledge as much as theoretical knowledge. The iPod is an example of where the physics of making a small device carry so much music is married with creative design to make an iconic must have accessory.

History and Modern Technology

Technology, strictly speaking, is the body of techniques used to deal with physical reality, and the products of those techniques. However, people tend to forget this, and to think only of technology that is relatively recent as 'technology'.

The history of technology is the history of invention of tools and techniques and is similar to the other sides of history. The term came from the Greek word techno which means art and craft. It was first used to describe applied arts but now it is used to describe the advancement and changes around us. It starts with the beginning of life on earth, and goes until the founding of early modern technologies, such as computer and nuclear power. The era of technology started when wheel was invented which is one of the most important technology and after it, more and more things were invented. Strictly speaking, then, chimpanzees using sticks to help them reach things are creating technology. When humans first started to do such things as use pieces of animal skin to protect them, they were creating technology. When someone realized that fire was useful for making meat easier to eat and tastier and started to figure out how to keep a fire going and to safely use it, they were creating technology. A more modern example of tool-using is that of crows living in a walnut avenue in the Japanese town of Sendai. The walnuts are too hard to crack. So the crows have taken to dropping them on a pedestrian crossing where they are crushed by the passing traffic. When it is the pedestrians' turn, the crows fly in to bear off the fragments. But there is a difference between using a tool which comes to hand, however improbably, and fashioning one for a purpose. Shaping a tool for cutting or scraping (two basic and useful functions) is a difficult task. Such a tool must be made of a hard material, and the hardest material easily available on the surface of the earth is stone. But how does one shape a stone without tools? The history of human technology begins with the discovery of how to give stone a cutting edge. The type of stone found most suitable for the purpose is flint. Technology was created because it's useful. Our ancestors discovered things that made their lives better, and started to teach their children and other members of their family how to do them as well, leading to a body of technique that expanded over time. Some techniques led to others — for example, the discovery that fibers could be twisted together to create thread and rope led to further advances, as people began to think of new uses for those things.

Philosophy of Technology

If philosophy is the attempt “to understand how things in the broadest possible sense of the term hang together in the broadest possible sense of the term”, as Sellers (1962) put it, philosophy should not ignore technology. It is largely by technology that contemporary society hangs together. It is hugely important not only as an economic force but also as a cultural force. There is, then, an ongoing discussion among philosophers, scholars in science and technology studies, as well as engineers about what philosophy of technology is, what it is not, and what it could and should be. These questions will form the background against which the present article presents the field. Section 1 begins by sketching a brief history of philosophical reflection on technology from Greek Antiquity to the rise of contemporary philosophy of technology in the mid-19th to mid-20th century. This is followed by a discussion of the present state of affairs in the field (Section 2). In Section 3, the main approaches to philosophy of technology and the principal kinds of questions which philosophers of technology address are mapped out. Section 4 concludes by presenting two examples of current central discussions in the field. Indeed during the last two centuries, when it gradually emerged as a discipline, philosophy of technology has mostly been concerned with the meaning of technology for, and its impact on, society and culture, rather than with technology itself. Mitch am (1994) calls this type of philosophy of technology “humanities philosophy of technology” because it accepts “the primacy of the humanities over technologies” and is continuous with the overall perspective of the humanities (and some of the social sciences). Only recently a branch of the philosophy of technology has developed that is concerned with technology itself and that aims to understand both the practice of designing and creating artifacts (in a wide sense, including artificial processes and systems) and the nature of the things so created. This latter branch of the philosophy of technology seeks continuity with the philosophy of science and with several other fields in the analytic tradition in modern philosophy, such as the philosophy of action and decision-making, rather than with the humanities and social science.

Science, Engineering and Technology

Technology is finding the destination point B and figuring out the path from A to B. Engineering is constructing the path from A to B using the help of tools of Science which deals with the fundamental knowledge of everything.  Science is the study of why things work and how they work, engineering is the application of mathematics and sciences in order to invent or manufacture, and technology is the “science of craft” but is normally defined as the collection of techniques, skills, and processes/methods in order to create goods and/or services.

  1. Science: discovery how the universe works
  2. Engineering: applying science for the advantage of humans
  3. Technology: the products of engineering and its mission


In present business environment, there are many issues such as unemployment is increasing, profits are down, costs are increasing, and the future is indefinite. To resolve these problems, one alternative is to focus on becoming globally competitive. The International Institute for Management Development describes competitiveness as "a field of economic knowledge which analyses the facts and policies that shaped the ability of a nation to create and maintain an environment that sustains more value creation for its enterprises and more prosperity for its people."

For a country to enjoy sustainable economic growth and stay competitive internationally, the key lies in the government’s investment in R&D to drive technology breakthroughs and innovations as well as in effective resource integration. For many years, Do IT has promoted TDPs to increase Taiwan’s R&D capacity and the results have been fruitful.

The technological development of our industries is recognized worldwide. Taiwan has performed brilliantly in recent technology-related rankings and indexes developed by the International Institute for Management Development (IMD) and the World Economic Forum (WEF), proving our claim to be a global leader in technological R&D and innovation. According to The World Economic, "the ability of a country to achieve sustained high rates of growth in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita" is an important measure. Therefore only nations with high levels of productivity will become domestically and globally competitive and have the capability to utilize existing market opportunities to endure and expand employment and real income growth in the long term.

Global competitiveness is an ability of nation to provide quality products and services at competitive prices thereby providing adequate returns. Competitiveness is the comparative concept of the ability and performance of a firm, sub-sector or a country.