Hinduism is an ancient religion. Every religion has their own founders and origin of the dates also available from their ancient scriptures and from the scholar’s writings. But Hinduism is a religion of people. Hinduism is a way of life. There are no evidence to know about Hindu religion. It is also difficult to trace the origin Hindu religion of the date from chronological or archaeological.
The archaeological evidence of Hinduism was founded in the excavations at Harappa and Mohanjo-Daro. The archaeologists gathered some seals of bull and a seated Yogi, the mother goddess and the Phallus symbols. These symbols resemble the present Hindus following God symbols.
It is difficult to come to the point that Hinduism only born in Indus Valley Civilization. Hinduism is definitely much older than the Indus Valley Civilization. According to the many Historians of the old European school, the Vedic people, Aryans migrated to the Indian subcontinent from outside during the decline of the Indus Valley civilization. Some historians say, probably the Aryans came to India from central Asia and Iran and settled present day Afghanistan and Punjab. To strengthen this theory there are some evidence in religious traditions between Persians and Indians.
There are so many Gods and Goddesses in Hindu religion. But they believe in one God named ‘Brahman’. Therefore Hindus worship more than one God. Hindus worship the God in many forms, they are idols, rivers, mountains, trees and animals which are useful for the humans. Which are useful to the humans those are worshiping by the Hindus. The cow is the most sacred animal for Hindus.
About 80 percent of Indian population and 30 million more Hindus live outside of India, total 900 million Hindus are living all over the world. So Hinduism became a third largest religion in the world after Christianity and Islam.
The word Hinduism has no real meaning because there was no founder to call the religion as Hinduism. Probably the name ‘Hindu’ is given by the people of Greeks and Arabs. Aryans lived on the bank of the River Sindhu. Those who followed the way of life was called Hinduism.
The sacred symbols in Hinduism are Aum, Swastika, Kalash, Trishul, Tilak and Lingam. The saffron is the colour for Hindus. The Saffron flag is the official flag of Hindus.
Four Vedas, Upanishadas, eighteen Puranas, Ramayana, Mahabharata and Bhagavad Geeta.
Originally there are no castes in Hinduism. There are only Varnas. They are Brahmin – Priests. Kshatriya – warriors. Vaishya – Businessmen. Shudra – Labour
1.Matsyavatar 2. Kurmavatar 3. Varahavatar 4. Narasimhavatar 5. Vamanavatar 6. Parshuramavatar 7. Ramavatar 8. Krishna 9. Buddha 10. Kalki.
Basic concept of Hindu Religion:
According to Hinduism human body is perishable but the soul is eternal. human body melt into the earth or turn as ash into the flames but the soul is not like that after the death of any living thing the soul left the body and enter into the new body. This is like a living person changes his clothes. So death is just a transformation of the soul from one body to another. This process of cycle continuous birth after birth so Soul suffers endlessly. So Hindus ultimate goal is to attain salvation(Moksha). Here the Moksha means freedom from birth to rebirth. If a person attained salvation his soul united with the supreme spirit ‘Brahman’ or God.
Temple and Deities:
The place of worship of Hindus is called Temple. Lord Brahma the creator, Lord Vishnu the protector and Lord Shiva destroyer. These Gods are the main three deities in Hinduism. Besides them Goddess Saraswati for education, Lakshmi for wealth, Parvathi for power. And there are so many Gods and Goddesses among them Lord Ganesha, Lord Krishna, Lord Hanuman, Lord Rama. According to Hindu beliefs, the incarnations of Vishnu Gods are also popular Gods and worship them as Lord Vishnu.
There are four Yugas in Hinduism. They are Satya-yuga, Treta-Yuga, Dvapara-Yuga and Kali-Yuga. The present Yuga is Kali-Yuga. Hindus believe that one cycle of Yuga completed another Yuga follows it. After four yugas completed the life on the Earth comes to an end and new Era starts.
Sects in Hindu Religion:
There are three different sects in Hinduism, they are Shaivism, Vaishnavism, and Shaktism. Hindus follow all the sects collectively worship all Gods as equal.
Stages of life in Hinduism:
According to Hinduism four stages in one life cycle. They are Brahmcharyashram-early and student life. Grihastahshram-Living with wife and children. Vanprasthashram-leaving the home and pray God, continue contacts with family. Sanyasashram-discard everything in life including wife, children, and wealth.
Hindu Religion Concept:
According to Hindu beliefs, the human body is perishable but the soul is eternal. Human body melt into the earth or turn as ash into the flames but the soul is not like that after the death of any living thing the soul left the body and enter into the new body. This is like a living person changes his clothes. So death is just a transformation of the soul from one body to another. This process of cycle continuous birth after birth so Soul suffers endlessly. So Hindus ultimate goal is to attain salvation(Moksha). Here the Moksha means freedom from birth to rebirth. If a person attained salvation his soul united with the supreme spirit ‘Brahman’ or God.